By Harshitha Chandana
Previously, Architecture represented the significance and the climate of that particular place. Human beings used to communicate and meet their needs with nature through buildings. With the evolution of technology and Urbanization, human beings became less dependent on nature and buildings have grown into concrete jungles. Irrespective of evolution, our brain still belongs to the stone-age which does not exist anymore. This change in life affects the functioning of the human brain.
Biophilic design is a symmetry to Newton’s third law. Biophilic designs are the modern reactions for disconnecting with nature. The biophilic design satisfies the need for human contact with nature. It breaks down the walls between the Outside world and the inside world and blurs the difference between Nature and Built-up by integrating nature into built-up. It isn’t a type of design, but an approach to a design with elements that are directly or indirectly connected to nature. Biophilic design has a good and positive impact on people who work, live, and exist there, by increasing efficiency, creativity, and wellbeing and at the same time, it reduces stress, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Biophilic design is a part of the Triple Bottom Line concept. It does not just have an impact on People and our Planet but also makes significant profits by increasing the productivity and creativity of an employee and helps in maintaining a person’s mental balance and has been adopted internationally for the development of workplaces that helps in the growth of a healthy, happy and thriving business. As said by S.Rkellert in Metropolis “biophilic design is more than just a new way to make people more efficient by applying an innovative technical tool.” Nowadays Workspace design and Biophilic design are not spoken independently. One of the Biophilic Design strategies is the neighbourhood design principle which offers a wealth of possibilities to create smart, multi-functional spaces using materials focused on well-being to inspire the workforce of tomorrow.
People started realizing the importance of being in contact with nature and its effects on us, now more than ever. With the outbreak of Covid-19, the purpose of homes has been changed and they are used for isolation. There is a major impact on mental health and productivity of people with the restriction to the outdoors. In the coming future, Spaces which can maintain the mental health and productivity of a person even in isolation should be designed. After every pandemic, Architecture and planning is transformed to the new normal. Until last year social distancing was the strategy used for workplace design, and this was achieved by placing lights, patterns, elements, texture, carpet texture, etc. With the increase in the outbreak and formation of new strains, social distancing strategies are not sufficient, Workspace designing should be safer and more interactive. Also, with people working from home for such a long time, they prefer flexibility and freedom in work. The hybrid workspace model is globally adopted by all companies, for better productivity and employee satisfaction. Spaces like outdoor workspaces, collaborative spaces, meeting rooms shall be designed.
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